MLA FORMAT: BOOKS & PAMPHLETS

Following the general MLA formatting guidelines, when you cite books and pamphlets in your Works Cited page, include as much information as you have available, going in order of the component sequence, as seen here:

Not all books will contain all of the above noted components and some components may be included more than once (especially names, for example, when a book has more than one author.) In general, MLA format book citations don’t typically include title of source (Component 3) unless it’s an edited work or collection and they rarely require numbers (Component 7) or locations (Component 10). Follow the examples below to help you cite in-text and in Works Cited pages for different types of book citations.

Visit the MLA Format Works Cited page for information on how to format all your citations at the end of your document.

Book with One Author


IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Katz, Steven B. The Epistemic Music of Rhetoric: Toward the Temporal Dimensions of Affect in Reader Response and Writing. Southern Illinois University Press, 1996. 

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Kuhn 76)

 

Book with Two or Three Authors

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name and Name Page#)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Davis, Brent, Dennis Sumara and Rebecca Luce-Kappler. Engaging Minds: Cultures of Education and Practices of Teaching. 3rd ed., Routledge, 2015.

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Davis et al. 115)

(IF THERE WERE ONLY TWO AUTHORS): (Davis and Sumara 115)

 

Book with More than Three Authors

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name et al. Page#)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name, et al. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Faigley, Lester, et al. Picturing Texts. W. W. Norton & Company, 2004.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Faigley et al. 212)


Anthology


IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name et al. Page#)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name, editor. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Levine, Robert S., et al, editors. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 9th ed., W. W. Norton & Company, 2016.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE (NOTE THIS COLLECTION HAS MORE THAN ONE VOLUME): (Levine et al. 2:114-137)

 

Article in a Reference Book, Such as Encyclopedias or Dictionaries


IN-TEXT FORMAT: ("Title" Page#) 

WORKS CITED FORMAT: “Title of Article.” Title of Reference Book. Publisher, Publication Date. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: "Acrophobia." The Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2016.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: ("Acrophobia" 7)

 

 Bible


IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Bible Version, Book Chapter:Verse)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: The Bible. Version. Publisher, Publication Date. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: The Bible. King James Version, LDS Edition. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2006.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE (FIRST TIME YOU CITE NOTE THE VERSION): (King James Bible, James 1:5-6)

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE (AFTER FIRST CITATION, JUST NAME THE BOOK, CHAPTER, AND VERSE): (James 1:5-6)


Corporate or Group Author

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Organization Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Organization Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.  

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Serbin Communications. Directory of Illustration 26. Serbin Communications, Inc., 2009.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Serbin Communications 334)


Dissertation or Thesis

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Last Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Dissertation of Thesis. Dissertation, Name of University, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Newbold, Curtis R. Ambiguous Science and the Visual Representation of the Real. Dissertation, Clemson University, 2012.

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Newbold 110)

 

Edited Book

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Last Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Edited by Author Name, Publisher, Publication Date. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Heidegger, Martin. Basic Writings: Martin Heidegger. Edited by David Farrell Krell, Harper Perennial, 2008.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Heidegger 94)

 

Edition of a Book

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Last Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Version, Publisher, Publication Date. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Heidegger, Martin. Basic Writings: Martin Heidegger. Edited by David Farrell Krell, Harper Perennial, 2008.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Heidegger 94)

 

Government Publication

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Shortened Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Name of Government Organization. Title of Work. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: House Oversight and Government Reform Committee. Written Testimony of Jeffrey J. Tribiano. Oversight and Government Reform, 2017. 
 
IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (House Oversight 7)

 

Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword

If the book you are citing has an introduction, preface, foreward, or afterword that was written by someone other than the author of the main book, you’ll need to cite the author and section you are citing separate from the entire book. See in the examples below how you cite the author of the added section, then cite the author of the original book later.

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Shortened Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Introduction. Title of Book, by Author of Introduction, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Shaull, Richard. Preface. Pedagogy of the Oppressed: New Revised 20th-Anniversary Edition, by Paolo Friere, Continuum, 1997.
 
IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Shaull 14)


 

Multiple Books by Same Author

When you cite two different books that were written by the same author, it’s important that your readers know which of the books you are referring to. In the in-text citation, include the last name and then a shortened title of the book, followed by the page number. In the Works Cited page, use three consecutive hyphens in place of the author’s name for every subsequent after the first that you are citing.


IN-TEXT FORMAT (IF AUTHOR NAME IS IN SENTENCE): (Shortened Title Page#)

IN-TEXT FORMAT (IF AUTHOR NAME IS NOT IN SENTENCE): (Last Name, Shortened Title Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. University of California Press, 1967.
 
---. A Rhetoric of Motives. University of California Press, 1969.

IN-TEXT FORMAT (IF AUTHOR NAME IS IN SENTENCE): (A Rhetoric 126)

IN-TEXT FORMAT (IF AUTHOR NAME IS NOT IN SENTENCE): (Burke, A Grammar 117)

 

Multi-volume Book

When citing a multi-volume book, it’s important that your readers know which book is being cited. In the in-text citation, cite both the volume and the page numbers. In the Works Cited reference, be sure to note whether you are citing just one of the volumes or the entire collection.

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Volume:Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Other Contributors, Version, Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE (WHEN CITING JUST ONE VOLUME): Quintilian. Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. E. Butler, vol. 1, Forgotten Books, 2016.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE (WHEN CITING ALL VOLUMES): Quintilian. Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. E. Butler, Forgotten Books, 2016. 3 vols. 
 
IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Quintillian 3:14-18)

 

No Author

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Shortened Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Relationships. Fatcat Digital, 2009.
 
IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Relationships 27)

 

Pamphlet or Booklet

Cite a pamphlet or booklet like you would a book with no author. Because most pamphlets don’t have page numbers, you don’t typically cite those in the in-text citation; however, if your pamphlet or booklet does include page numbers, be sure to cite them next to the shortened name in parentheses. The publisher will be the company or organization that distributes the pamphlet.

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Shortened Name)  

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Title of Pamphlet. Publisher, Publication Date.  

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Domestic Violence. Community Abuse Prevention Services Agency, 2012.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Domestic Violence)

 

Translated Book

IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Last Name Page#)

WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Translated by Author Name, Publisher, Publication Date. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Lyotard, Jean-Francois. Libidinal Economy. Translated by Iain Hamilton Grant, Bloomsbury Revelations, 2015. 

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Lyotard 213)


 

Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection

IN-TEXT: (Last Name Page#)  

WORKS CITED: Last Name, First Name. “Title of Chapter or Selection.” Title of Book. Other Contributors, Publisher, Publication Date, Location. 

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Buchanan, Richard. "Rhetoric, Humanism, and Design." Visual Rhetoric in a Digital World. Edited by Carolyn Handa, Bedford St. Martins, 2004.  

IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Buchanan 228)