Following the general MLA formatting guidelines, when you cite periodicals in your Works Cited page, include as much information as you have available, going in order of the component sequence, as seen here:
Periodicals, by definition, are publications that are produced at regular intervals, such as magazines, scholarly journals, or newspapers. When citing periodicals, you will most often be citing an article or letter within a larger publication. Unlike books, which typically use fewer citation components, you will usually need to cite both the title of the source (Component 3) and the title of the container (Component 4), in addition to the version (Component 6) and number (Component 7). With periodicals, you will less frequently need to cite other contributors (Component 5) and location (Component 10).
EXTRA HELP: If you don’t recall what each of the citation components are, please review the MLA Formatting Overview and Guidelines page, which describes each component in detail.
Follow the examples below to help you cite in-text and in Works Cited pages for different types of periodical citations.
Visit the MLA Format Works Cited page for information on how to format all your citations at the end of your document.
Article in a Magazine
To cite an article in a magazine, provide the author’s name (last, first), followed by the title of the article, the name of the magazine, the date, and pages the article is found on.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Yong, Ed. "As One: How the Astonishing Power of Swarms Can Help Us Fight Cancer, Understand the Brain, and Predict the Future. Wired, April 2013, pp. 104-111. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Yong 107)
Article in a Newspaper
Articles in newspapers are cited the same as articles in magazines. Just note that the page numbering is different in newspapers.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Murphy, Brett. "Shell Games: How Trucking Companies that Cheat Drivers Dodge Penalties." USA Today, 26 Oct. 2017, p. A1. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Murphy A1)
Article in a Scholarly Journal
To cite an article in a scholarly journal, provide the author’s name (last, first), followed by the title of the article, the name of the journal, the volume and issue number, the date, and pages the article is found on. Note that many scholarly journal articles have multiple authors. Review the MLA formatting guidelines and note that if there are more than three authors to only name the first author, followed by “et al.”
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: White, William J. "Optical Solutions: Reception ofan NSF-Funded Science Comic Book on the Biology of the Eye." Technical Communication Quarterly, vol. 26, no. 2, 2017, pp. 101-115. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (White 109)
Article in a Special Issue of a Scholarly Journal
To cite an article in a special issue of a journal, cite as you would an article of a regular scholarly journal, but include the name of the special issue before the name of the journal.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Special Issue, special issue of Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Nikrosis, Vitalis and Liutauras Gudzinskas. "Party Patronage and State Politicisation in the Post-Communisty Countries of Central and Eastern Europe: A Game Theory Approach." The Politics of Agency Governance, special issue of The NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 3 - 17. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE (NOTE THIS COLLECTION HAS MORE THAN ONE VOLUME): (Nikrosis and Gudzinskas 6)
Some articles in journals and magazines have no author assigned to the content. In these cases, cite as you would any other article in a periodical, but start with the article name, rather than the author. In the in-text citation, include a shortened title in quotation marks, followed by the page number.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: ("Shortened Title" Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical. Publisher, Publication Date. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: "Gear Guide: IFTD 2017." Tail Fly Fishing Magazine, vol. 31, September/October 2017. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: ("Gear Guide" 22)
Letter to the Editor
Letters written to editors of newspapers and magazines are cited like any other article in a periodical except they include the word “letter” after the name to indicate that it was an external contribution to the publication.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Last name, First name. Letter. Title of Periodical, day month year, pages. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Quick, Jonathan D. "Fighting Ebola, in America and Abroad." The New York Times, 3 Oct. 2014, D7. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Quick D7)
To cite a review of a book, performance, or display, cite the author of the review first, followed by the title of the review (note that not all reviews have a title). Then write “review of [title of book or performance],” followed by the name of the author, director, or artist that produced the work being reviewed. Cite the remaining as you would any other periodical with the name of periodical, date, and page number.
IN-TEXT FORMAT: (Name Page#) WORKS CITED FORMAT: Review Author. "Title of Review (if there is one)." Review of Book or Performance Title, by Author/Director/Artist. Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, page. WORKS CITED EXAMPLE: Brantley, Ben. "There's Trouble in Emerald City." Review of Wicked, by Stephen Schwartz and Winnie Holzman. The New York Times, 31 Oct. 2003, E11. IN-TEXT EXAMPLE: (Brantley D11)